Will There Be A Brexit Agreement
The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 at midnight (23:00 GMT). A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020. During this period, all EU laws and regulations continue to apply in the UK. For businesses and the public, virtually nothing will change. This will give everyone more time to prepare for the new agreements that the EU and the UK intend to conclude after 31 December 2020. Even if there were no legal consequences, the refusal to pay could have political consequences, which would reduce the UK`s chances of reaching an EU trade deal in the future. The UK government and the other 27 EU member states approve the draft agreement. While the UK was in the EU, companies could buy and sell goods across EU borders without paying taxes (tariffs). If there is no trade agreement, businesses have to start paying those taxes, which could make things more expensive. In its current form, the government does not have a trade agreement.
However, an agreement is possible if it can be reached by Sunday 20 December, the deadline set by MEPs. After the adoption by the British House of Lords on 22 January of the European Union Withdrawal Agreement Act, the bill received royal approval from the Queen. The European Parliament approved the agreement on 29 January. If there is no trade deal, it could mean higher prices in UK stores. There could also be delays as trucks that put products in need of more border controls. The House of Commons votes on the Brexit bill. This means that the UK is on track to leave the EU on 31 January. However, the House of Lords and the European Parliament have yet to approve the agreement. Although some aspects of the report are no longer relevant, the failure of a trade agreement could still cause chaos at Britain`s borders. The absence of an agreement would mean that Britain would be treated by the EU like any other `third country`, which would involve tariffs and quotas on British exports to the EU. This would particularly affect agricultural and automotive exports.
In a speech to the European Parliament, the EU`s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, said: “There is a chance of reaching an agreement, but the path to such an agreement is very narrow.” Discussions are continuing, but there are few signs of compromise on either side, as the December 31 deadline is fast approaching – which brings about changes in the way we live. During the transition period, the UK and the EU continue to negotiate their new relationships. This includes how EU companies can do business with the UK after the transition period. They will also negotiate security cooperation. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.
 On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019.